Understanding the Impact of Home Confinement on Children and Young People with ADHD and ASD During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This paper investigated whether the mental health of children and young people with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were differentially affected by COVID-19. Clinical group’s and non-clinical reference group’s mental health problems and pandemic anxiety scores were collected and compared at two time points during the first UK national lockdown between March and June 2020.
- At the start of the pandemic, young children and people with ADHD and/or ASD had greater mental health problems than the reference group.
- One month later, young children and people with ASD showed small but significant improvements in their mental health symptoms, compared with the reference group.
- Young children with ASD experienced a worsening of disease anxiety.
- Young children and people with ADHD experienced a deterioration in functional impairment.